Construction Hoist

Update from Committee Week - April 2020

The council is working on a "Guidelines for Operator Training for Personnel and Material Hoists" document to provide some standardized direction to the industry. The chair explained that the guidelines are not intended as a specific training program but as a description of recommended content. Basic information on the structure and requirements of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) / American Society of Safety Professionals (ASSP) A10.4 Standard for Personnel Hoists and Employee Elevators will be included in the guidelines. The council is also seeking input from members about any issues with or recommended changes to the A10.4 Standard, as the ANSI A10.4 Subcommittee is beginning the revision cycle for this standard. Member comments will be submitted to the subcommittee during this process. The co-chair provided an update on the current status of the ANSI/ASSP A10.5 Standard, Safety Requirements for Material Hoists. Public review has been completed, and the recirculation ballot was opened for voting by the A10 Main Committee members on April 15.  If approved, the revised standard would go to editorial review next and may be available for publication this year. After publication, the council intends to create an industry awareness document titled “How the New A10.5 Standard Will Affect the Industry.”  The council reviewed some of the changes to the A10.5 standard, specifically those affecting the use of special purpose hoists, special application hoists, and light-duty portable material hoists.

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To represent, promote and enhance the Construction Hoists segment of the access industry with an emphasis on safety, training and education for the benefit of members, the public and the access industry at large.


Our vision projects a marketplace complete with an abundance of well trained, qualified and/or competent construction hoist specialists adept at recognizing and correcting safety hazards relating to equipment quality, installation and removal operations, preventive maintenance, and safe use.  


  • Expansion of the national data base for regulatory agencies to include the local level.

  • Continued research into a national rental contract, perhaps publishing a rental contract with the indemnity section directed to be completed by a local attorney familiar with the regional nuances of rental equipment contract language.

  • To begin research and development of a set of design and safe use guidelines for a special purpose hoist, the current material hoist standard (A10.5) does not address the machines in use today. It was further determined that the Construction Hoist Council (CHC) would author this document and submit it to the oversight committee for review prior to publishing or making available on the scaffold website. Paula Manning volunteered to head up the effort as the chair of the special purpose hoist committee.

  • To author, in coordination with the Mast Climbing Council (MCC), a set of training guidelines for the Transport Platform User Training. The CHC and MCC will jointly submit an application to the SAIA Education Foundation for funds to create and produce this training.


A hoist is for raising and lowering materials only. Movement of personnel on a material hoist is prohibited.


  • Fully enclosed car to meet code requirements (A10.5-2006).

  • Typical speeds will vary.

  • Typical load capacity will vary.

  • No riders allowed.

  • Base fence enclosure is required along with full height doors and landing gates (A10.5-2006).

  • Operator must be trained.

Code Compliance

ANSI/ASSE A10.5-2006 / ANSI/ASME B30.16-2012 / OSHA 1926.552, 1926.553, 1926.554


Codes of Safe Practices for Material Hoist

Elevators, Hoists, and Platforms – What's What?

Visual Ways to Spot if Equipment is ANSI Compliant


Transports personnel, workers, and material to and from an elevated level on a building or structure or a mechanism and its hoistway for use in connection with the construction, alteration, ongoing maintenance or demolition of a building, structure or other work. It is used for hoisting and lowering workers or materials or both, and is equipped with a car that moves vertically on guide members.


  • Cars are fully and permanently enclosed, top and sides.

  • Car proximity to building not more than 2.5 in. and no less than 3/4".

  • Typical speeds of 175 to 300 ft. per minute.

  • Typical load capacity of 6,000 to 8,000 lbs.

  • Effective for higher buildings.

  • Single or double car units.

  • Base fence enclosure is required along with full height doors and landing gates.

  • Riders not required to be trained.

  • Operator must be trained.

  • Typically high tie forces imposed on building.

Code Compliance
ANSI/ASSE A10.4-2007 / OSHA 1926.552


Codes of Safe Practices for Construction Hoist

Construction Elevators – No Longer a Luxury

Construction Hoists = Added Safety

Elevators, Hoists, and Platforms – What's What?

Inspecting Personnel Elevators

Inspection and Maintenance Checklist

Visual Ways to Spot if Equipment is ANSI Compliant


Transports only authorized personnel, materials, and tools to various levels on a structure.


  • Cars have guard rails, not fully enclosed.

  • Car proximity to building is minimum 18".

  • Typical speed of 40 feet per minute.

  • Typical load capacity of 3,000 to 6,000 lbs.

  • Generally not useful on higher buildings.

  • All riders must be trained and authorized.

  • Number of personnel on the platform is limited to 50% of the total payload.

  • No base fence enclosure required.

  • Platform stops when descending 10' above ground level. Operator checks for personnel or debris under platform.

  • Alarm sounds as platform descends final 10'.

  • Typically lower tie forces imposed on building.

Code Compliance
ANSI/SAIA A92.10-2009


Code of Safe Practices for Transport Platforms | English

Code of Safe Practices for Transport Platforms | Spanish

Elevators, Hoists, and Platforms – What's What?

SAIA/OSHA Alliance Tip Sheet on Transport Platforms | Video

Transport Platform (TP) Safety Tips

Transport Platform (TP) Safety Tips | Portugese

Visual Ways to Spot if Equipment is ANSI Compliant

Eric Schmidt
Century Elevators

Shanon Beekman
Fraco Products, Ltd.